QuEChERS Bibliography

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General/Original

  1. Fast and Easy Multiresidue Method Employing Acetonitrile Extraction/Partitioning and "Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction" for the Determination of Pesticide Residues in Produce. (M. Anastassiades, S.J. Lehotay, D. Stajnbaher, F.J. Schenck, J. AOAC International 86 (2003) 412.)
  2. QuEChERS—A Mini-Multiresidue Method for the Analysis of Pesticide Residues in Low-Fat Products. (http://www.quechers.com (accessed July 15, 2008).)
  3. Pesticide Residues in Foods by Acetonitrile Extraction and Partitioning with Magnesium Sulfate. (AOAC Official Method 2007.01.)
  4. Foods of Plant Origin—Determination of Pesticide Residues Using GC-MS and/or LC-MS/MS Following Acetonitrile Extraction/Partitioning and Clean-up by Dispersive SPE (QuEChERS-method). (EN 15662 Version 2008.)
  5. Evaluation of the Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) Approach to Pesticide Residue Analysis. (F.J. Schenck, J.E. Hobbs, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 73 (2004) 24.)
  6. Analysis of Pesticide Residues Using the Quick Easy Cheap Effective Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) Pesticide Multiresidue Method in Combination with Gas and Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometric Detection. (P. Payá, M. Anastassiades, D. Mack, I. Sigalova, B. Tasdelen, J. Oliva, A. Barba, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 389 (2007) 1697.)
  7. Fast Gas Chromatography for Pesticide Residues Analysis Using Analyte Protectants. (M. Kirchner, R. Húsková, E. Matisová, J. Mocák, J. Chromatogr. A 1186 (2008) 271.)
  8. Matrix Effects in Pesticide Multi-Residue Analysis by Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. (A. Kruve, A. Künnapas, K. Herodes, I. Leito, J. Chromatogr. A 1187 (2008) 58.)
  9. Use of Automated Direct Sample Introduction with Analyte Protectants in the GC-MS Analysis of Pesticide Residues. (T. Cajka, K. Mastovská, S.J. Lehotay, J. Hajslová, J. Sep. Sci. 28 (2005) 1048.)


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General Fruits and Vegetables

  1. Validation of a Fast and Easy Method for the Determination of Residues from 229 Pesticides in Fruits and Vegetables Using Gas and Liquid Chromatography and Mass Spectrometric Detection. (S.J. Lehotay, A. de Kok, M. Hiemstra, P. Van Bodegraven, J. AOAC Int. 88 (2005) 595.)
  2. Application of Matrix Solid-Phase Dispersion and Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry to Fungicide Residue Analysis in Fruits and Vegetables. (S. Wang, Y. Xu, C. Pan, S. Jiang, F. Liu, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 387 (2007) 673).
  3. Determination of Pesticide Residues in Foods by Acetonitrile Extraction and Partitioning with Magnesium Sulfate: Collaborative Study. (S.J. Lehotay, J. AOAC Int. 90 (2007) 485.
  4. Validation of an Efficient Method for the Determination of Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables Using Ethyl Acetate for Extraction. (P. Aysal, A. Ambrus, S.J. Lehotay, A. Cannavan, J. Environ. Sci. Health B 42 (2007) 481.)
  5. Validation and Uncertainty Analysis of a Multi-Residue Method for Pesticides in Grapes Using Ethyl Acetate Extraction and Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (K. Banerjee, D.P. Oulkar, S. Dasgupta, S.B. Patil, S.H. Patil, R. Savant, P.G. Adsule, J. Chromatogr. A 1173 (2007) 98.)
  6. A Rapid Multiresidue Method for Determination of Pesticides in Fruits and Vegetables by Using Acetonitrile Extraction/Partitioning and Solid-Phase Extraction Column Cleanup. (F.J. Schenck, A.N. Brown, L.V. Podhorniak, A. Parker, M. Reliford, J.W. Wong, J. AOAC Int. 91 (2008) 422.)
  7. Novel Approach to Fast Determination of Multiple Pesticide Residues Using Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). (T. Kovalczuk, O. Lacina, M. Jech, J. Poustka, J. Hajslová, Food Addit. Contam. Part A Chem. Anal. Control Expo Risk Assess. 25 (2008) 444.)
  8. Multiresidue Method for Fast Determination of Pesticides in Fruit Juices by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography Coupled to Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (R. Romero-González, A. Garrido Frenich, J.L. Martínez Vidal, Talanta 76 (2008) 211.)
  9. Validation and Uncertainty Study of a Comprehensive List of 160 Pesticide Residues in Multi-Class Vegetables by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (B. Kmellár, P. Fodor, L. Pareja, C. Ferrer, M.A. Martínez-Uroz, A. Valverde, A.R. Fernandez-Alba, J. Chromatogr. A 1215 (2008) 37.)
  10. Fast Low-Pressure Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Method for the Determination of Multiple Pesticides in Grapes, Musts and Wines. (S.C. Cunha, J.O. Fernandes, A. Alves, M.B. Oliveira, J. Chromatogr. A 1216 (2009) 119.)
  11. Application of Graphitized Carbon Black to the QuEChERS Method for Pesticide Multiresidue Analysis in Spinach. (L. Li, W. Li, D. Qin, S. Jiang, F. Liu, J. AOAC Int. 92 (2009) 538.)
  12. Multiresidue Analysis of 102 Organophosphorus Pesticides in Produce at Parts-Per-Billion Levels Using a Modified QuEChERS Method and Gas Chromatography with Pulsed Flame Photometric Detection. (F. Schenck, J. Wong, C. Lu, J. Li, J.R. Holcomb, L.M. Mitchell, J. AOAC Int. 92 (2009) 561.)
  13. Comparison of Negative Chemical Ionization and Electron Impact Ionization in Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of Endocrine Disrupting Pesticides. (R. Húsková, E. Matisová, L. Svorc, J. Mocák, M. Kirchner, J. Chromatogr. A 1216 (2009) 4927.)
  14. Simultaneous Determination of Carbamate and Organophosphorus Pesticides in Fruits and Vegetables by Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. (M. Liu, Y. Hashi, Y. Song, J.M. Lin, J. Chromatogr. A 1097 (2005) 183.)
  15. Development and Validation of a Multiresidue Method for the Analysis of 151 Pesticide Residues in Strawberry by Gas Chromatography Coupled to a Triple Quadrupole Mass Analyzer. (P.P. Bolaños, J.L. Moreno, D.D. Shtereva, A.G. Frenich, J.L. Vidal, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 21 (2007) 2282.)
  16. Modification and Revalidation of the Ethyl Acetate-Based Multi-Residue Method for Pesticides in Produce. (H.G. Mol, A. Rooseboom, R. van Dam, M. Roding, K. Arondeus, S. Sunarto, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 389 (2007) 1715.)
  17. Determination of Triazine Herbicides in Fruits and Vegetables Using Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction Coupled with LC-MS. (F. Ji, L. Zhao, W. Yan, Q. Feng, J.M. Lin, J. Sep. Sci. 31 (2008) 961.)
  18. Determination of Selected Nonauthorized Insecticides in Peppers by Liquid Chromatography Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry and Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (M. Mezcua, C. Ferrer, J.F. García-Reyes, M.J. Martínez-Bueno, M. Albarracín, M. Claret, A.R. Fernández-Alba, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 22 (2008) 1384.)
  19. Multiresidue Method for the Analysis of More than 140 Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables by Gas Chromatography Coupled to Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry. (J.L. Fernández Moreno, A. Garrido Frenich, P. Plaza Bolaños, J.L. Martínez Vidal, J. Mass Spectrom. 43 (2008) 1235.)
  20. Single-Laboratory Validation and Uncertainty Analysis of 82 Pesticides Determined in Pomegranate, Apple, and Orange by Ethyl Acetate Extraction and Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (K. Banerjee, D.P. Oulkar, S.B. Patil, S.H. Patil, S. Dasgupta, R. Savant, P.G. Adsule, J. AOAC Int. 91 (2008) 1435.)
  21. Simple and Rapid Method for the Determination of Ethylenebisdithiocarbamate Fungicides in Fruits and Vegetables Using Liquid Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (T. Hayama, M. Takada, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 392 (2008) 969.)
  22. Application of Gas Chromatography/Tandem Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry to the Multi-Residue Analysis of Pesticides in Green Leafy Vegetables. (S. Walorczyk, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 22 (2008) 3791.)
  23. Multiresidue Pesticide Analysis of Wines by Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction and Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (K. Zhang, J.W. Wong, D.G. Hayward, P. Sheladia, A.J. Krynitsky, F.J. Schenck, M.G. Webster, J.A. Ammann, S.E. Ebeler, J. Agric. Food Chem. (2009) [published online ahead of print April 17, 2009] (accessed June 25, 2009).)
  24. Multiresidue Determination and Uncertainty Analysis of 87 Pesticides in Mango by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (K. Banerjee, D.P. Oulkar, S.B. Patil, M.R. Jadhav, S. Dasgupta, S.H. Patil, S. Bal, P.G. Adsule, J. Agric. Food Chem. (2009) [published online ahead of print April 20, 2009] (accessed June 25, 2009).)


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Dairy and Fatty Matrices

  1. Evaluation of the QuEChERS Sample Preparation Approach for the Analysis of Pesticide Residues in Olives. (S.C. Cunha, S.J. Lehotay, K. Mastovska, J.O. Fernandes, M. Beatriz, P.P. Oliveira, J. Sep. Sci. 30 (2007) 620.)
  2. Evaluation of two Fast and Easy Methods for Pesticide Residue Analysis in Fatty Food Matrixes. (S.J. Lehotay, K. Mastovská, S.J. Yun, J. AOAC Int. 88 (2005) 630.)
  3. Multi-Residue Determination of Veterinary Drugs in Milk by Ultra-High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (M.M. Aguilera-Luiz, J.L. Vidal, R. Romero-González, A.G. Frenich, J. Chromatogr. A 1205 (2008) 10.)
  4. New Method for the Analysis of Flukicide and other Anthelmintic Residues in Bovine Milk and Liver Using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (B. Kinsella, S.J. Lehotay, K. Mastovska, A.R. Lightfield, A. Furey, M. Danaher, Anal. Chim. Acta 637 (2009) 196.)
  5. Rapid Sample Preparation Method for LC-MS/MS or GC-MS Analysis of Acrylamide in Various Food Matrices. (K. Mastovska, S.J. Lehotay, J. Agric. Food Chem. 54 (2006) 7001.)
  6. Direct Determination of Acrylamide in Food by Gas Chromatography-High-Resolution Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. (L. Dunovská, T. Cajka, J. Hajslová, K. Holadová, Anal. Chim. Acta 578 (2006) 234.)
  7. Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction Followed by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry for the Multi-Residue Analysis of Pesticides in Raw Bovine Milk. (T. Dagnac, M. Garcia-Chao, P. Pulleiro, C. Garcia-Jares, M. Llompart, J. Chromatogr. A 1216 (2009) 3702.)


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Grains, Nuts, and Seeds

  1. Comparison of an Acetonitrile Extraction/Partitioning and "Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction" Method with Classical Multi-Residue Methods for the Extraction of Herbicide Residues in Barley Samples. (C. Díez, W.A. Traag, P. Zommer, P. Marinero, J. Atienza, J. Chromatogr. A 1131 (2006) 11.)
  2. A Multiresidue Method for the Determination of 109 Pesticides in Rice Using the Quick Easy Cheap Effective Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) Sample Preparation Method and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry with Temperature Control and Vacuum Concentration. (T.D. Nguyen, B.S. Lee, B.R. Lee, D.M. Lee, G.H. Lee, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 21 (2007) 3115.)
  3. A Multi-Residue Method for the Determination of 203 Pesticides in Rice Paddies Using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. (T.D. Nguyen, E.M. Han, M.S. Seo, S.R. Kim, M.Y. Yun, D.M. Lee, G.H Lee, Anal. Chim. Acta 619 (2008) 67.)
  4. Rapid Determination of Phenoxy Acid Residues in Rice by Modified QuEChERS Extraction and Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (U. Koesukwiwat, K. Sanguankaew, N. Leepipatpiboon, Anal. Chim. Acta 626 (2008) 10.)
  5. Development of a Multi-Residue Method for the Determination of Pesticides in Cereals and Dry Animal Feed Using Gas Chromatography-Tandem Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry II. Improvement and Extension to New Analytes. (S. Walorczyk, J. Chromatogr. A 1208 (2008) 202.)
  6. Qualitative Screening and Quantitative Determination of Pesticides and Contaminants in Animal Feed Using Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography with Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. (M.K. van der Lee, G. van der Weg, W.A. Traag, H.G. Mol, J. Chromatogr. A 1186 (2008) 325.)
  7. Simultaneous Determination of Six Major Ergot Alkaloids and their Epimers in Cereals and Foodstuffs by LC-MS-MS. (R. Krska, G. Stubbings, R. Macarthur, C. Crews, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (2008) [published online ahead of print April 16, 2008] (accessed June 26, 2009).)


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Oils

  1. Multiresidue Analytical Method of Pesticides in Peanut Oil Using Low-Temperature Cleanup and Dispersive Solid Phase Extraction by GC-MS. (L. Li, H. Zhang, C. Pan, Z. Zhou, S. Jiang, F. Liu, J. Sep. Sci. 30 (2007) 2097.)
  2. Simplified Pesticide Multiresidue Analysis of Soybean Oil by Low-Temperature Cleanup and Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction Coupled with Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. (L. Li, Y. Xu, C. Pan, Z. Zhou, S. Jianc, F. Liu, J. AOAC Int. 90 (2007) 1387.)


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Baby Food

  1. Comparison of Sample Preparation Methods Combined with Fast Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry for Ultratrace Analysis of Pesticide Residues in Baby Food. (A. Hercegová, M. Dömötörová, D. Kruzlicová, E. Matisová, J. Sep. Sci. 29 (2006) 1102.)
  2. Rapid Analysis of Multiple Pesticide Residues in Fruit-Based Baby Food Using Programmed Temperature Vaporiser Injection-Low-Pressure Gas Chromatography-High-Resolution Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. (T. Cajka, J. Hajslova, O. Lacina, K. Mastovska, S.J. Lehotay, J. Chromatogr. A 1186 (2008) 281.)
  3. Determination of 142 Pesticides in Fruit- and Vegetable-Based Infant Foods by Liquid Chromatography/Electrospray Ionization-Tandem Mass Spectrometry and Estimation of Measurement Uncertainty. (J. Wang, D. Leung, J. AOAC Int. 92 (2009) 279.)
  4. Applications of Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography Electrospray Ionization Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry on Analysis of 138 Pesticides in Fruit- and Vegetable-Based Infant Foods. (J. Wang, D. Leung, J. Agric. Food Chem. 57 (2009) 2162.)
  5. Method for Routine Screening of Pesticides and Metabolites in Meat Based Baby-Food Using Extraction and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. (C. Przybylski, C. Segard, J. Sep. Sci. 32 (2009) 1858.)
  6. Determination of Priority Pesticides in Baby Foods by Gas Chromatography Tandem Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry. (C.C. Leandro, R.J. Fussell, B.J. Keely, J. Chromatogr. A 1085 (2005) 207.)
  7. Comparison of Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography for the Determination of Priority Pesticides in Baby Foods by Tandem Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry. (C.C. Leandro, P. Hancock, R.J. Fussell, B.J. Keely, J. Chromatogr. A 1103 (2006) 94.)
  8. Analyses of Pesticide Residues in Fruit-Based Baby Food by Liquid Chromatography/Electrospray Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. (B. Gilbert-López, J.F García-Reyes, P. Ortega-Barrales, A. Molina-Díaz, A.R. Fernández-Alba, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 21 (2007) 2059.)
  9. Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography for the Determination of Pesticide Residues in Foods by Tandem Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry with Polarity Switching. (C.C. Leandro, P. Hancock, R.J. Fussell, B.J. Keely, J. Chromatogr. A 1144 (2007) 161.)
  10. Sample Preparation Methods in the Analysis of Pesticide Residues in Baby Food with Subsequent Chromatographic Determination. (A. Hercegová, M. Dömötörová, E. Matisová, J. Chromatogr. A 1153 (2007) 54.)
  11. Quantification and Screening of Pesticide Residues in Food by Gas Chromatography-Exact Mass Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. (C.C. Leandro, P. Hancock, R.J. Fussell, B.J. Keely, J. Chromatogr. A 1166 (2007) 152.)


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Non-Food Matrices

  1. Multiresidue Analytical Method Using Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction and Gas Chromatography/Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry to Determine Pharmaceuticals in Whole Blood. (F. Plössl, M. Giera, F. Bracher, J. Chromatogr. A 1135 (2006) 19.)
  2. Comparison of Four Extraction Methods for the Analysis of 24 Pesticides in Soil Samples with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry and Liquid Chromatography-Ion Trap-Mass Spectrometry. (C. Lesueur, M. Gartner, A. Mentler, M. Fuerhacker, Talanta 75 (2008) 284.)
  3. Comparative Study of Pesticide Multi-Residue Extraction in Tobacco for Gas Chromatography-Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry. (J.M. Lee, J.W. Park, G.C. Jang, K.J. Hwang, J. Chromatogr. A 1187 (2008) 25.)
  4. Matrix Effect-Free Analytical Methods for Determination of Perfluorinated Carboxylic Acids in Environmental Matrixes. (C.R. Powley, S.W. George, T.W. Ryan, R.C. Buck, Anal. Chem. 77 (2005) 6353.)
  5. Determination of Pesticides in Compost by Pressurized Liquid Extraction and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. (K. Kawata, T. Asada, K. Oikawa, J. Chromatogr. A 1090 (2005) 10.
  6. Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography with Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometric Detection for the Determination of Anabolic Steroids and Related Compounds in Nutritional Supplements. (R. Stepan, P. Cuhra, S. Barsova, Food Addit. Contam. Part A Chem. Anal. Control Expo. Risk Assess. 25 (2008) 557.)
  7. Residue Dynamics of Procymidone in Leeks and Soil in Greenhouses by Smoke Generator Application. (L. Chen, X.S. Li, Z.Q. Wang, C.P. Pan, R.C. Jin, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (2009) [published online ahead of print July 31, 2009] (accessed August 12, 2009).)


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Muscle and Tissues

  1. Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction for the Determination of Sulfonamides in Chicken Muscle by Liquid Chromatography. (A. Posyniak, J. Zmudzki, K. Mitrowska, J. Chromatogr. A 1087 (2005) 259.)
  2. Confirmatory and Quantitative Analysis of Beta-Lactam Antibiotics in Bovine Kidney Tissue by Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction and Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (C.K. Fagerquist, A.R. Lightfield, S.J. Lehotay, Anal. Chem. 77 (2005) 1473.)
  3. Identification of Hormone Esters in Injection Site in Muscle Tissues by LC/MS/MS. (R.M. Costain, A.C. Fesser, D. McKenzie, M. Mizuno, J.D. Macneil, Food Addit. Contam. (2008) [published online ahead of print August 21, 2008] (accessed June 26, 2009).)
  4. The Development and Validation of a Multiclass Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) Procedure for the Determination of Veterinary Drug Residues in Animal Tissue Using a QuEChERS (QUick, Easy, CHeap, Effective, Rugged and Safe) Approach. (G. Stubbings, T. Bigwood, Anal. Chim. Acta 637 (2009) 68.)
  5. Streamlining Methodology for the Multiresidue Analysis of Beta-Lactam Antibiotics in Bovine Kidney Using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. (K. Mastovska, A.R. Lightfield, J. Chromatogr. A 1202 (2008) 118.)


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